Ex.1 Match the sentence beginnings and endings. Rewrite the ending with the adverb of place at the front and, if necessary, change the order of subject and verb. (A)

1. Everyone suddenly went quiet and... a) ...the clear blue ocean lay in front of them.
2. The children slept most of the time on the the journey there, but... b) ...a statue of Queen Victoria stands in middle.
3. While the arguments went on in the committee room,... c) ...Paul-wal ked-i nto-the-reem.
4. As they came over the top of the hill they could hear waves breaking, and... d) ...John sat patientl y outside.
5. Fireworks were going off around the house, but... e) ...the Dallas Symphony Orchestra will be performing pieces by Beethoven in Manchester.
6. Her cheeks were badly bruised and... f) ...Miriam slept soundly in the bedroom.
7. Around the square there are splendid buildings from the 19th century, and... g) ...they told stories on the way back home.
8. Tonight in Edinburgh the Swedish Radio Orchestra will be giving a concert of music by Mozart, and... h) ...a blood-stained bandage was around her head.

Example: 1 + Co) Everyone swcLtenly went quiet and into the room walked Paul.
Ex.2 Which of the positions indicated [1], [2], or [3] can the adverb in brackets go in? (B & D)

1. [1] He's[2] leaving ,[3]. (tomorrow) [1] & [3]
2. [1] The flowers[2] grow a metre tall . (sometimes)
3. [1] We [2] try to get together [3]. (a couple of times a year)
4. [1] The newspaper is[2] published |3]. (daily)
5. [1] She had [2] wanted a sports car[3]. (always)
6. [1] I[2] smoke cigars[3]. (occasionally)
7. [1] He [2] visits his mother [3l (every other day)
8. [1] The competition winners are [2] announced [3]. (weekly)

Ex. 3 Rewrite the underlined parts of these sentences with the adverb of indefinite frequency or adverb of time in front position. Where you need to, change the order of subject and verb, and make any other necessary changes. (C & D)

1. Even though the number one seed played a pretty rough and violent first set, he broke the rules of the game at no time. .. .at no time did. He break the rules of the game..
2. Although they were contacted at the end of July, the government didn't agree to a meeting until August 17th.
3. Although I often eat out, I have rarely seen a restaurant so filled with smoke.
4. Some people said that the house was haunted, and I often heard strange noises in the attic.
5. She had travelled all over the world, but she had seldom experienced such sincere hospitality.
6. I like to keep fit. I walk to work every day and I play tennis twice a week.

Keys:
Ex. 1

1.
2. +g on the way back home they told stories, (no subject-verb inversion: transitive verb)
3. +d outside John sat patiently. (no subject—verb inversion: intransitive verb + adverb of manner)
4. +a in front of them lay the clear blue ocean, (subject-verb inversion)
5. +f in the bedroom Miriam slept soundly, (no subject-verb inversion: other intransitive verb)
6. +h around her head was a blood-stained bandage. (subject—verb inversion)
7. +b in the middle stands a statue of Queen Victoria. (subject-verb inversion)
8. +e in Manchester the Dallas Symphony Orchestra will be performing pieces by Beethoven, (no subject—verb inversion: transitive verb)

Ex. 2

1.
2.[1],[2]8c[3 ]
3.[1 ]&[3 ]
4.[3]
5.[2 ]
6.[1], [2 ]8 c[3]
7.[1 ]&[3 ]
8.[3 ]

Ex. 3

1.
2. ...not until August 17 th did the government agree to a meeting.
3. ...rarely have I seen a restaurant so filled with smoke.
4. ...often I heard strange noises in the attic.
5. ...seldom had she experienced such sincere hospitality.
6. ...twice a week I play tennis.


Используемый материал: Advanced Grammar in Use, A self-study, Martin Hewings, Cambridge University Press, 1999.

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